These small works are studies for a planned series of paintings approximately 5' wide. They are painted with gouache on colored Canson papers, in this case either a medium gray or a dark gray-blue. The inspiration for the technique came from a series of J. M. W. Turner sketches at the Tate Gallery in London, which were done on several trips on the Rhine, Moselle and other rivers of Europe. I work with the color in the traditional opaque mode of gouache, but also use it transparently, more like watercolor. I generally try to make the color of the paper as large a part of the finished image as possible, though that is not always the case.